There are many ways to classify the Landscape Photography. Following eighteen types are very common in the industry..
There are no exact rules for photography, but there are composition techniques to improve the look and feel of the output.
If the Rule of third is the beginner level composition rule, then Golden triangle is the next step to the golden rules of Landscape Photography.
Landscape or any other photography, color is an important factor. When you haven't managed the color factor, it will not be a good output of your creation.